Meditation and mindfulness-based stress interventions have some advantages, such as low to no side effects, opportunity to individualization and practicing anytime and anywhere, and scientifically proven effectiveness (13). There are many studies showing the benefits of meditation and mindfulness-based therapies. Practicing meditation and being mindful help people to decrease their level of stress, depression, anxiety, sleeping disturbances, cigarette-smoking and binge eating disorder, and many other psychological and physical disorders (15,16,17).
Mindfulness meditation enables practitioners to have the ability to being aware of their thoughts and emotions when experiencing a stressful situation. It is based on the idea of Buddhism that our emotions and sensations are temporary. Practicing meditation doesn’t give practitioners an ability to protect themselves from, or avoid unpleasant emotions and sensations. It mostly helps them to understand that these aren’t permanent so they acknowledge without any judgment until the time these unpleasant emotions and sensations would disappear (18).
Relaxation, which is one of the components of meditation practices, requires an intentional relaxing during the practice. People do it by visualization, or some special exercises. Hence, it leads people to have a state of reduced stress levels and arousal (19).
- Gailen, D., M. & Matthew T. T. (2018). Stress, mindfulness and the allergic patient, Expert Review of Clinical Immunology.
- Scott, E. (2018, Oct 28). When Stress Is Actually Good for You. Retrieved from https://www.verywellmind.com/what-kind-of-stress-is-good-for-you-3145055
- Baer, R. (2003). Mindfulness training as a clinical intervention: a conceptual and empirical review. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10, 125-140.
- Teasdale, J. D., Segal, Z., & Williams, J. M. G. (1995). How does cognitive therapy prevent depressive relapse and why should attentional control (mindfulness) training help? Behaviour Research and Therapy, 33(1), 25–39.
- Carlson, L. E., & Garland, S. N. (2005). Impact of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on sleep, mood, stress and fatigue symptoms in cancer outpatients. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 12(4), 278–285.
- Charoensukmongkol, P. (2014). Benefits of Mindfulness Meditation on Emotional Intelligence, General Self-Efficacy, and Perceived Stress: Evidence from Thailand. Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health, 16(3), 171–192.
- Hwang, W. J., Lee, T. Y., Lim, K.-O., Bae, D., Kwak, S., Park, H.-Y., & Kwon, J. S. (2017). The effects of four days of intensive mindfulness meditation training (Templestay program) on resilience to stress: a randomized controlled trial. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 23(5), 497–504.