When a person is more mindful, they are likely to have more positive perspective of their own health and stressful events so it helps them to reduce their stress levels and other disorders related to stress (20,21). A decrease in tension, increased emotional regulation, increased non-attachment (the view that happiness is independent from specific events, or people), and reduction in rumination by practicing meditation and mindfulness-based interventions support to have less stress and better health (22). A group of patients with breast or prostate cancer have participated in a MBSR (Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction) program, and, according to the results, they reported decreased blood pressure, altered immune and cortisol patterns due to an increased level of mindfulness (23).
Meditation training might support establishing good relationships at a stressful time because it increases forgiveness, and decreases ruminative thoughts (24). The level of resilience also gets stronger by practicing meditation because people learn to cope with stressors instead of avoiding them (25). People become focusing on their self-care that helps them to deal with the stressors more effectively. Being aware of their stress and understanding the results of it are crucial in order to begin self-care and wellness, thus people know what actually is happening in stressful time by practicing meditation and mindfulness interventions (26). Arrington (27) stated that three strategies, which are (a) exercise, (b) meditation and (c) being in therapy, are the most helpful ones for social workers so it might be said that meditation is one of the top strategies using for people who work in stressful jobs. In a study conducted with 656 Thai people over 45 years old, it was found that insight meditation helps people to enhance their happiness, and decrease their perceived stress levels. So it is seen safer and natural healing when compared to drug treatments (28). In another study, it was reported that mindfulness practices decreased psychological symptoms of menopause that includes stress and unhappiness (29). A pilot study of 23 women practiced mindfulness-based stress reduction practices for 8 weeks, showed a 28% reduction in the menopause-specific quality of life and stress, and 39% decrease in vasomotor symptoms of menopause (30).
- Zvolensky, M. J., Solomon, S. E., McLeish, A. C., Cassidy, D., Bernstein, A., Bowman, C. J., & Yartz, A. R. (2006). Incremental Validity of Mindfulness‐Based Attention in Relation to the Concurrent Prediction of Anxiety and Depressive Symptomatology and Perceptions of Health. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 35(3), 148–158.
- Roberts, K. C., & Danoff-Burg, S. (2010). Mindfulness and Health Behaviors: Is Paying Attention Good for You? Journal of American College Health, 59(3), 165–173.
- Coffey, K. A., & Hartman, M. (2008). Mechanisms of Action in the Inverse Relationship Between Mindfulness and Psychological Distress. Complementary Health Practice Review, 13(2), 79–91.
- Carlson, L. E., Speca, M., Faris, P., & Patel, K. D. (2007). One year pre–post intervention follow-up of psychological, immune, endocrine and blood pressure outcomes of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) in breast and prostate cancer outpatients. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 21(8), 1038-1049.
- Oman, D., Shapiro, S. L., Thoresen, C. E., Plante, T. G., & Flinders, T. (2008). Meditation Lowers Stress and Supports Forgiveness Among College Students: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of American College Health, 56(5), 569-578.
- Fergus, S., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2005). Adolescent Resılıence: A Framework for Understanding Healthy Development in the Face of Risk. Annual Review of Public Health, 26(1), 399-419.
- McGarrigle, T., & Walsh, C. A. (2011). Mindfulness, Self-Care, and Wellness in Social Work: Effects of Contemplative Training. Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought, 30(3), 212-233.
- Arrington, P. (2008). Stress at work: How do social workers cope? Retrieved from http://docplayer.net/14926328-Stress-at-work-how-do-social-workers-cope.html
- Surinrut, P., Auamnoy, T., & Sangwatanaroj, S. (2016). Enhanced happiness and stress alleviation upon insight meditation retreat: mindfulness, a part of traditional Buddhist meditation. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 19(7), 648-659.
- Sood, R., Kuhle, C. L., Kapoor, E., Thielen, J. M., Frohmader, K. S., Mara, K. C., & Faubion, S. S. (2019). Association of mindfulness and stress with menopausal symptoms in midlife women. Climacteric, 1-6.
- Kenne Sarenmalm, E., Mårtensson, L. B., Andersson, B. A., Karlsson, P., & Bergh, I. (2017). Mindfulness and its efficacy for psychological and biological responses in women with breast cancer. Cancer Medicine, 6(5), 1108-1122.