Meditation is a form of training the human mind to maximize the functioning of cognitive capacities i.e. memorizing, reasoning, decision making, focusing on a situation and paying attention to one’s emotions. Meditation can be practiced with yoga, as mantra, mindfulness or deep breathing. It synchronizes with attention and focus in a way that it allows us to analyze present moments and experiences non-judgmentally. Since last 50 years, neuroscience has taking special interest in meditation that activates brain to conduct specific mental tasks involving control, attention, conscious awareness and emotion regulation. The change that occurs in brain structures and human behavior  has been investigated mainly through neuroscience research studies.
Meditation Improves Your Brain’s Performance
The results of numerous research studies have elaborated the improvement in human brain’s performance . Different kinds of tests were conducted on human being’s concentration and attention and other perceptual tasks like visual discrimination. An example of such test is that the participants in a study were asked to see a series of lines flashing on computer screens in front of them and the lines were actually shorter or longer than each other. In this way, the various lengths of lines show powerful results in bringing out human ability better when a group did meditation as compared to those who were on waiting list as a control group.
A similar study that specifically evaluated the effect of mindfulness meditation on the human attention is another evidence that neuroscience brought into the limelight. The participants were divided into two groups. They were subjected to two different types of training programs. Each of the groups was tested for alertness and attention along with other subsystems. The subjects were tested before and after the trainings. One group received one month of intensive training and other got full eight weeks of mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR). As conclusion , the retesting showed that mindfulness group significantly improved upon paying attention.
Neuroscience research trials are conducted often in a laboratory setting. A famous study by Dr. Lazar in the Lazar’s lab studied the neural mechanisms behind meditation. The participants reported effects of meditation following a mindfulness practice. In that group, where psychological issues were reduced the focus increased. They revealed that this happens due to increase in gray matter located in the pons region of the brain that are responsible for consistent healing, control and well-being . This really helps students in gaining insight about benefits of this practice in altering brain and controlling unnecessary thoughts to optimize academic outputs and overall body’s capabilities.